Saturday, April 27, 2013

THE BENEFITS FOR SENIOR CITIZENS IN INDIA



1. Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment is the nodal Ministry responsible for welfare of the Senior Citizens. It has announced the National Policy on Older Persons which seeks to assure older persons that their concerns are national concerns and they will not live unprotected, ignored and marginalized. The National Policy aims to strengthen their legitimate place in the society and to help older people to live the last phase of their life with purpose, dignity and peace. The National Policy on Older Persons inter alia visualizes support for financial security, health care and nutrition, shelter, emphasis upon education, training and information needs, provision of appropriate concessions, rebates and discounts etc. to Senior Citizens and special attention to protect and strengthen their legal rights such as to safeguard their life and property.   The National Policy on Older Persons confers the status of senior citizen to a person who has attained the age of 60 years.
1. Under the National Old Age Pension Scheme, Central Assistance of Rs. 75/- p.m. is granted to destitute older persons above 65 years.  This Scheme has been transferred to the State Plan w.e.f. 2002-03.
2. Under the Annapurna Scheme, free food grains (wheat or rice) up to 10 kg. per month are provided to destitute older persons 65 years or above who are otherwise eligible for old age pension but are not receiving it.

Tuesday, April 9, 2013

History of Lohanas


History of Lohanas - by R. T.Somaiya

Lohanas are "Raghuvanshi Kshatriyas". Since Raghuvanshis were Suryavanshis, naturally Lohanas are also 'Suryavanshis'. Going deep in the history of Lohanas would mean going deep in the history of Raghuvanshis and Suryavanshis. Most of it is in the form of legend. Whether legends are historically true or not, is a subject of great debate. One thing is sure that it gives insight to various aspects of our origin and history till the time that recorded history began.. 
While travelling in South East Asia I had come across a book in which the legend had recorded that after passing away of Shri Ram, his kingdom was divided between his 2 Sons – LUV & KUSH. Luv was given all the territories - east of Ayodhya, and Kush was given west of Ayodhya. Two Sons of Bharat namely Pushya and Taksha joined with Kush. This is corroborated by history which says that Pushya founded a new city in the name of Pushyapur which over the centuries got the modem name Peshawar and Taksha founded a new city by the name Takshasila which at present is known as Taxila in the land from where their grandmother Kaikeyi hailed. She was the princess from highlands of Kekay now known as North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Area in which I read this book was Laos which is known even today in their local language as Luvpradesh and in modem French version Laos which is pronounced as 'Lao'. Over the centuries the descendents of Luv extended their empire up to the Chinese sea and beyond upto Bali and including Indonesia. Bali is named after the mighty king, Wali – brother of Sugrieve of our and their Ramayan. They call their ramayan as Ramakien i.e. Ramakhyan – the life story of Rama, because they are connected with Ram of Raghuvansh. The eastern empire also included Champa (now known as Vietnam), Kamboj now known as Cambodia, Laos and Thailand then known as Siam Pradesh, Burma which was known as Dwaravati etc. Until 200 years ago, prior to Bangkok, Ayodhya was capital of Thailand. That Ayodhya still exists. Present king's name is Bhumibal Atulyatej Rama the Nineth. Thanon Surawongse i.e. Suryawansh Marg in Central Bangkok today is not without their roots in Raghuvansh. And confirms their descent from Suryavansh.
Names of kings of Laos such as Sinhanouk and Ranariddha – do they sound Chinese or Bharatiya? The theory of Bharat Varsh from Coasts of Mediterranean to Bali are full with legends supporting their roots from India.
Similarly, the empire of descendents of Kush included North, West and North Western India, Gandhar (Afghanishtan), where they established a new capital in the name of Kapisthala in honor of Hanumanji. In modern time it has been shortened Kapisa which is to the north of Kabul.With advent of Islam and Gandhar falling into the hands of Muslims, a new city was established by them near Kapisa by the name of Kabul. They also occupied Central Asia and established a new city Shrimarkandpur honoring their suryavanshi descent. Markand means Sun. So the new city was Suryapur or Sun city. Over the times 'Pur' got dropped, the original name got shortened and the city today is known as Srimarkand – Samarqand. Not only that, the largest Sun temple was also built at Samarqand by them which was in ruins few centuries ago but now even the ruins have vanished.
I have all the reason to believe that descendents of Kush went right upto Mediterranean sea i.e. going upto Egypt. The capital city established by them there was known as Heliopolis (old name of Cairo) Helio is Sun and Polis is city so in good old days Cairo was also to say in our language Suryapur. In their language Sun was Raa and all the kings were considered as sun personified. We also called our kings Raa e.g Raakhengar. it got improved from Raa to Rao and Rai and Rana aiso. Rana Pratap was a great Suryavanshi king whose story is well recorded in history. Even Egyptian kings had names such as Ramses I, II etc. Suryavanshis were Shiv bhaktas. Near Pyramids in Cairo you can see even today Sarcophaguses of bulls. Holy bulls were buried so well that their tombs exist even upto today. Coins of Shahi Kings of Afghanistan show Nandi (bull) on one side and horseman on the other. Kushan king also had Shiva with Nandi on one side and king on the other. What is Sphinx? Murty i..e. idol of Narsimha who killed Hiranyakashyapu an Assyrian king – grandfather of Baliraja who ruled over lands presentiy know as Arabia. These are pointers to our possible links. I can give many more examples but some other time.
With that short history now we come to Facts: 

Lohana is short form of Lohar Ranas because as per the recorded history Lohanas ruled over Kashmir from AD 1003 to 1338. It has been recorded as Lohar dynasty-I and Lohar dynasty-II and subsequently rulers from the same clan upto 1338, after which there were mass conversions to Islam. Many of us migrated under compulsion to Punjab, Sindh, Kutch and Gujarat and today they are known as Punjabi-Lohanas, Sindhi-Lohanas, Kutchi - Lohanas, Halai-Lohanas, Depalas and Goghari-Lohanas. Those who resisted the conversions and/or migrations, were killed and there was mass holocaust as recorded in Kashmir history.
For the benefit of readers, to give more historical facts, I am giving below the names of kings who ruled over present day Jammu-Kashmir and adjoining areas in Himachal   upto Bhimnagar with their dates:
First Lohara dynasty
Sangramdev (Samgramaraja), nephew of Didda Rani1003-1028
Hariraja, s/o Sangramadev (21 dys) 1028
Anantadev, s/o Sangramadev1028-1063
Kalasa, s/o Anantadev Anantadev in real control unit 1079 (d.1081)1063-1089
Utkarsha, s/o Kalasa1089
Harsha, s/o Kalasa1089-1101
Second Lohara dynasty
Uchchala:collateral Lohana Line1101-1111
Salhana, br./of Uchchala1111-1112
Sussala, br./of Uchchala1112-1120
Bhikshacharya, s/o Bhoja, s/o Harsha(d.1130)1120-1121
Sussala:restored1121-1123
Jayasimhadeva I, s/o SussalaSussala in real control until death in 11281123-1155
Mallarjuna, s/o Sussala: in revolt 1131 
Gulhana, s/o jayasimha:1155-1165
Avantidea (Vantideva), s/o Paramanuka1165-1172
Dynasty of Vuppadeva
Vuppadeva (Bhupa Dev or Bhupati Dev )1172-1181
Jassadeva(Jassaka), br./o Vuppadeva1181-1199
Jagadeva, s/o Jassadeva1199-1213
Rajadeva, s/o jagadeva1213-1236
Sangramadeva, s/o Rajadeva1236-1252
Ramadeva, s/o Sangramadeva1252-1273
Lakshmanadeva, adopted s/o Ramadeva1273-1286
Period of anarchy & invasionsFollowed by Moslem Dynasty.1286-1338
 These kings had issued their coins which can be seen in Pratapsinh Museum, British Museum-London, in Coin Cabinets of American Numismatics Society, USA and hundreds of private collections.
Prior to getting Kashmir under our rule, rulling system in Loharpradesh was more of the style of federation which can be witnessed in surnames of Lohanas. The rulers of smaller areas were known by their areas such as Raichadda, Raimangia, Raithatta, Raikundalia, Raichura, Raivadera, Raj Popat etc.Some surnames were known from the place from where they had come e.g. Dodechas are from Dodda which is now in jammu, Kotechas are from Kota i.e. today's Quetta, Dhamechas, Sonecha - Soneta, Hindocha etc. Unadkats are from Unnadkot. Unnad means Sun. Prior to Lohanas ruling over Kashmir; they had their own  capital in Loharpradesh at Ohind near Poonch /Rajouri and the fortified town was known as unnadkot i.e. Suryakot so all the Unadkats hailed from that part of Loharpradesh. Now it is corrupted to Unadkath, Annadkath etc. For strategic reasons when we moved our capital from Ohind to Nandana, we got the surname Nandani also. Like that most of the Lohana surnames can be traced to their ruling area and / or their place of domicile or in some cases to their brave ancesters, some fo whome were kings e.g. Sejpal we had a line of kings with such names, namely Anangpal, Jaipal, Madanpal, Trilochanpal, Sejpal etc. parmani from king Parmanuk, sayta from king Sayata, Bhimani from Bhimdev. Similarly we had a dynasty   known as Karkotak  which had kings by the names of Lalitaditya, Pratapaditya, Vinayaditya etc. With drop of "kar" from Karkotak, the descendents of this dynasty came to be known as Kotak. These are not anecdotes. These are facts and historical data giving period of their rule exists so also their coins exist and can be seen in the places aforesaid as also in many numismatic books. I will give them in later articles.
Rulers of Afghanistan were known as Shahis as they were descendents of Kidarkushans who in turn had descended from Kushans. Kushan kings              used to write their names on their coins with title Shao – Nano – Shao i.e. King of Kings which in modem parlance would be
Shahenshah which sounds as Muslim word but it is not so. Shao - Nano - Shao is close to 2000 years old  title when Islam did not exist. As per the book I had read, Kushans were descendents of Kush. Their history, their specific descendents who ruled over an area extending from Samarqand in north to Chachpradesh i.e. delta of Sindhu river where it meets the Indian Ocean and from Herat in the west to Bhimnagar in Himachal Pradesh..
This is a historical fact recorded in hundreds of history books. A coin of first Kushan King Wima Takto - which means 'Bhim the victorious'. Takto is a Central Asian word meaning 'victorious'.. Shaka   in Sanskrit means Vijay Victory . I will illustrate these coins in later articles ..
Wima Takto's reign period is reckoned as from circa AD 55- to              AD 105. It is believed that it was he who started Shaka Samvat commemorating his victory of their ancestral kingdom and Which exists and continues even today. From their period till the last Lohana King i.e. 1338 more or less continuous chain of kings and their coins exist for everyone to see in various museums in different countries of the world. I do not know of any other race which ruled for  over 1200 years and we should be proud that we belong to the same worthy race of Suryavansh-Raghuvansh.
If we try to put down all that history at one place in a book form, it can make a nice glorious record of our history and our ancestry but for that there has to be a separate project. Lohanas              today know only about one brave warrior i.e. dada jasraj who existed appx. Between AD 970 and 1000. If our history is re-written on the basis of above outlines the world will be surprised to know the large number of heroic and illustrious warriors and rulers from amongst our ancestors. Life of Jasraj is a nice example of the courage and valor of Lohar Ranas because he killed Sabuk-tigin - father of Mahmud Gazni, in the year AD 997, in his own court in Kabul, in presence of his courtiers and still escaped with his party. History has recorded that to avenge the death of his father, Mahmud Gazni attacked Loharpradesh three times and failed to capture Loharpradesh but in one of those aggressions Jasraj lost his life. So alsoMahmud tried to capture Kashmir where we were ruling and failed all the 3 times.He had succeeded in capturing Punjab and other parts of India which is part of history known to everyone but I repeat that our military supremacy was so good that even he could not capture our areas though he succeeded in various other parts of India.
Here I would like to add that this being the historical fact, our legends saying that Dada Jasraj killed Chengizkhan and that Taimurlang also lost his life at Dada's hands, needs to be corrected. Chengiz died in the year AD 1227 while fighting with Tanguts in Mongolia and lies buried in Burkan Qaldun-Mangolia. So aiso, Taimur died in AD 1405 at Otraer on Jaxartes river in war against China. The most important thing that history tells us is that it was our ancestors who stood guard at North West Frontier of our country and served as successful              sentries for over twelve centuries and defended our borders valiantly­. We should record in our annals accordingly.
I hope this short synopsis will give inspiration to more young people to delve deeper in our history and publish their research for the benefit of entire Lohana community which is today spread ail over India, UK, USA, Canada, Africa and other parts of the world. It will be my pleasure to assist.
Coins of our various dynasties and kings aforesaid are available with many Museums & coin collectors, most of whom are not connected with Lohanas .therefore our history has remained obscure. The serious students of our history should now procure them wherever possible as a supporting evidence to our history. It is rather late, but worth an effort.
 Whatever coins I have I will put up on our website and I am sure that will make you all proud and confirm our HISTORY.
. After take over of reigns from us, our gold, silver and copper coins were systematically melted down to manufacture coins of Sultans. Our coins were even otherwise a taboo for them because they portrayed King and Lakshmi on them. Human pictures are forbidden in Islam, so from that point also our coins ere withdrawn by subsequent Muslim rulers. So, our coins have vanished. What we come across some times are those from fresh excavations in our erstwhiie areas. From that also,  I have seen bulk goes to coppersmiths in local  bazaars for making copper utensils which are very popular with local populace.
Joshi's book Jasraj - a legend - proved an inspiration for me and prompted me to spend more than 50 years in travels to all these lands and picking up threads of our history from everywhere. From Cairo to Bali. I will rest in peace if the younger members from our community will now continue this work and bring out more hidden treasures of our grand history..
For questions and comments you may contact me on email and let me know on what aspect you would like to know more:
rtsomaiya@gmail.com              or
R.T.Somaiya

Thursday, April 4, 2013

હેલ્થ કેર ના નામે દાકતરી સેવા,દવાઓ બનાવનાર કંપનીઓ


ઉપભોક્તા શિકાર છે ..-સંજય વોરા
"ઉપભોક્તા શિકાર છે" .. હેલ્થ કેર ના નામે દાકતરી સેવા,દવાઓ બનાવનાર કંપનીઓહોસ્પિટલો અને વીમા કંપનીઓ ની સહિયારી ચુન્ગલ  -  
ભાઈ સંજય વોરા એ જાણવા/સમજવા આચરવા જેવી બાબતો ઉલ્લેખી છે .. વાંચજો અને વંચાવજો ..SP
અમેરિકામાં હૃદયરોગની સારવારનો ૨પ વર્ષનો અનુભવ ધરાવતા નામાંક્તિ નિષ્ણાત ડો. ડ્વાઇટ લુન્ડેલ કહે છે કે 'આપણે ડોક્ટરો આપણા જ્ઞાન, તાલીમ અને અનુભવને આધારે એવા અહ્મથી પીડાવા લાગીએ છીએ કે આપણે કદી ખોટા હોઇ શકીએ નહીં. મને આવો અહ્મ નથી માટે કબૂલ કરું છું કે હૃદયરોગના નિદાન અને ચિકિત્સા બાબતમાં હું ખોટો છું.ડો. લુન્ડેલની ગણતરી હૃદયરોગ બાબતમાં ઓથોરિટી તરીકે થાય છે. તેઓ અને તેમના સાથીદારો હૃદયરોગ બાબતમાં ઓપિનિયન મેકર ગણાય છે.

તેઓ કહે છે કે 'વર્ષો સુધી અમે માન્ય કર્યું કે હૃદય રોગનું મુખ્ય કારણ બ્લડ કોલેસ્ટરોલમાં થયેલી વૃદ્ધિ છે. આ કારણે અમે હૃદયરોગની સારવાર માટે કોલેસ્ટરોલ ઘટાડતી દવાઓ આપ્યા કરીએ છીએ અને જેમાં કોલેસ્ટરોલ વધુ હોય તેવો ચરબીયુક્ત આહાર ઓછો લેવાની સલાહ દર્દીને આપીએ છીએ. હવે વૈજ્ઞાનિક રીતે સાબિત થયું છે કે કોલેસ્ટરોલના વધવાથી હૃદયરોગ થતો નથી. હવે એવું માનવામાં આવે છે કે ધમની પહોળી થવાથી હૃદયરોગ થાય છે. આ કારણે હૃદયરોગના પ્રાદુર્ભાવ અને ચિકિત્સા બાબતમાં વિચારવાની આખી દિશા જ બદલાઇ ગઇ છે.

પોતાની દલીલના સમર્થનમાં આંકડાઓ અને હકીકતોનું વર્ણન કરતાં ડો. લુન્ડેલ કહે છે કે 'આજની તારીખમાં અમેરિકાના ૨પ ટકા નાગરિકો હૃદયરોગથી બચવા માટેની દવાઓ લે છે અને તેમણે પોતાના આહારમાં ચરબીનું પ્રમાણ એકદમ ઘટાડી દીધું છે. તેમ છતાં આ વર્ષે હૃદયરોગથી ક્યારે જ નહોતા મર્યા એટલા અમેરિકનો મરશે.અમેરિકન હાર્ટ એસોસિયેશનના આંકડાઓ કહે છે કે અત્યારે ૭.પ કરોડ અમેરિકનો હૃદયરોગથી પીડાય છે. બે કરોડ લોકો ડાયાબિટીસથી પીડાય છે અને બીજા પ.૭ કરોડ લોકો ડાયાબિટીસની સરહદરેખા ઉપર ઊભા છે. જો લોહીનું વહન કરતી ધમનીમાં સોજો ન હોય તો લોહીનું સહેલાઇથી પરિભ્રમણ થાય છે અને હૃદયરોગનો હુમલો આવતો નથી. જો ધમનીમાં સોજો હોય તો તેમાં કોલેસ્ટરોલ અટકી જાય છે અને હાર્ટએટેક આવી શકે છે. આ રીતે હાર્ટએટેકનું ખરું કારણ કોલેસ્ટરોલ નથી પણ ધમનીનો સોજો છે. જે તબીબો હૃદયરોગની સારવાર માટે કોલેસ્ટરોલ ઘટાડવાની દવાઓ આપી રહ્યાં છે તેઓ દર્દીનું અહિ‌ત કરી રહ્યાં છે.

આપણા શરીરમાં સોજો શા માટે આવે છે, તે પણ સમજવા જેવું છે. આપણા શરીરને માફક ન આવે તેવો અથવા ઝેરી પદાર્થ તેમાં દાખલ કરવામાં આવે ત્યારે તેને બહાર ફેંકી દેવા માટે આપણા કાકડામાં સોજો આવે છે. સોજો એ શરીરની કુદરતી સંરક્ષણપ્રક્રિયા છે. પરંતુ આપણે જ્યારે ઇરાદાપૂર્વક શરીરમાં વારંવાર હાનિકારક પદાર્થો ઠાલવ્યા કરીએ ત્યારે આ સોજો અસાધ્ય બની જાય છે, જે શરીર માટે ભારે હાનિકારક છે. ડો. લુન્ડેલ અત્યંત જવાબદારીપૂર્વક લખે છે કે હૃદયરોગથી બચવા માટે તબીબો જે પ્રકારનો આહાર લેવાનું દર્દીઓને કહેતા આવ્યા છે એ આહાર જ હૃદયરોગ માટે કારણભૂત બને છે. તેમના જણાવ્યા મુજબ ઓછી ચરબી અને વધુ કાર્બોહાઈડ્રેટ્સ ધરાવતો આહાર ધમનીના સોજાનું કારણ બને છે.

કોઇ પણ વ્યક્તિને હૃદયરોગ થાય ત્યારે ડોક્ટરો તેને ઘી - તેલ જેવા ચરબીયુક્ત પદાર્થો આહારમાં લેવાની મનાઇ ફરમાવે છે. તેને બદલે તેને ઓછું કોલેસ્ટરોલ અને વધુ ઓમેગા - ૬ ધરાવતાં સોયાબીન, મકાઇ અને સૂર્યમુખીનાં તેલનો ઉપયોગ કરવાની સલાહ આપવામાં આવે છે. ડો. લુન્ડેલ કહે છે કે આ પ્રકારનો આહાર જ ધમનીના સોજા માટે જવાબદાર છે. એક સરખામણી આપતાં કહે છે કે જો તમે ચામડી ઉપર દરરોજ સૂકું બ્રશ ઘસ્યા કરો તો શું થાય ? લાલ ચાંદા પડી જાય અને તેમાંથી લોહી નીકળવા લાગે. ત્યારપછી પણ તમે બ્રશ ઘસવાનું ચાલુ રાખુ તો શું થાય? ત્યાં સોજો આવી જાય અને પીડા થાય. ડો. કહે છે કે બ્રશથી જે રીતે બાહ્ય ચામડી ઉપર ઇજા થાય છે, તેમ રૂક્ષ આહાર લેવાથી અંદરની ધમનીઓને ઇજા થાય છે. આ ઇજાગ્રસ્ત ધમનીઓમાં લોહીનું પરિભ્રમણ ઘટી જતાં હૃદય ઉપર દબાણ આવે છે અને હાર્ટએટેક આવે છે.

 
હૃદયરોગના ભયથી અમેરિકાની અને મોટા ભાગના વિકાસશીલ દેશોની પ્રજા ચરબી અને વધુ શર્કરા ધરાવતો આહાર લેવા લાગી છે. બજારમાં હૃદયરોગ સામે કહેવાતું રક્ષણ આપતાં ખાદ્ય પદાર્થોનો ખડકલો થયો છે. લોકો જે બટેટાની ચિપ્સ ખાતાં હોય છે, તેને પણ સોયાબીનના તેલમાં તળવામાં આવી હોય છે. પ્રોસેસ્ડ ફૂડમાં ઓમેગા -૬ તેલોનો બહોળો ઉપયોગ થાય છે. આ પ્રકારના ખોરાકને કારણે શરીરમાં ચરબી વધે છે અને ધમનીઓ પહોળી થાય છે. આ પ્રકારનો આહાર નિયમિત લેવાને કારણે જ ડાયાબિટીસ, બ્લડ પ્રેશર, હૃદયરોગ અને છેવટે અલ્ઝાઇમર્સની બીમારી થાય છે.

ડો. લુન્ડેલ આખી વાતનું સમાપન કરતાં કહે છે કે કોલેસ્ટરોલથી બચવા માટે આપણે જે પ્રોસેસ કરેલો આહાર ખાઇએ છીએ તે જ હૃદય રોગ પેદા કરે છે અને તેને વકરાવે છે. તેને બદલે જો આપણે ઘી, તલનું તેલ, માખણ વગેરેના સ્વરૂપમાં સંતૃપ્ત ચરબીયુક્ત આહાર ગ્રહણ કરીએ તો તેમાં ઓમેગા-૬નું પ્રમાણ ઓછું હોય છે અને તે હૃદય માટે લાભકારક બને છે. જો આપણે હૃદયરોગથી બચવું હોય તો આપણાં દાદીમા જે ખોરાક ખાતાં હતાં એ ખોરાક આપણે પણ ખાવો જોઇએ.