Thursday, February 26, 2015

Reasons for Blood Sugar Swings

 

Reasons for Blood Sugar Swings

coffee beans on chart

Upswing: Caffeine

Blood sugar can rise after drinking coffee -- even black coffee with zero calories -- thanks to the caffeine. Likewise, black tea, green tea, and energy drinks can hinder blood sugar control in people with diabetes. Each person reacts differently, so it's best to track your own responses to foods and activities. Ironically, other compounds in coffee may help prevent type 2 diabetes in healthy people.
sugar free gumballs

Upswing: Sugar-Free Foods

Many foods labeled "sugar free" will raise your blood sugar level. Why? They can still have plenty of carbs from starches. Check the total carbohydrates on the back label before digging in. You should also pay attention to sugar alcohols such as sorbitol and xylitol. They add sweetness with fewer carbs than sugar (sucrose), but may still have enough carbs to your raise your blood sugar level.
deep fried wanton and sauce

Upswing: Chinese Food

When you dig into a helping of sesame beef or sweet and sour chicken, it isn't just the white rice that can cause a problem. Foods that are high in fat can cause your blood sugar to stay high longer. The same is true for pizza, french fries, and other foods that are high in both carbohydrates and fat. Check your blood sugar about two hours after you eat to know how a food affects you.
tissues and cold medicine

Upswing: A Bad Cold

Your blood sugar rises as your body works to fight off an illness. Drink water and other fluids to stay hydrated. Call your health care provider if you've had diarrhea or vomiting for more than two hours or if you've been sick for two days and aren't getting better. Be aware that some medicines, such as antibiotics and the decongestants used to clear your sinuses, can affect your blood sugar.
businessman covered in flying paperwork

Upswing: Job Stress

Feeling overwhelmed or unhappy at work takes a toll. When you're under stress, your body releases hormones that can cause your blood sugar to rise.  This is more common for people with type 2 diabetes, than those with type 1 diabetes. Learn to relax with deep breathing and exercise. If possible, change the situation that is making you feel so much stress.
sesame bagel and cream cheese

Upswing: Bagels

What's the difference between eating a slice of white bread and a bagel? Bagels are packed with carbohydrates -- and calories. They have more carbs than a slice of bread. If you yearn for a bagel, choose a mini bagel. Certain foods may make your blood sugar spike even more than you would expect.   Talk with your health care professional to find healthy alternatives.
man drinking sports drink

Upswing: Sports Drinks

Sports drinks are designed to help you replenish fluids quickly, and some of them contain as much sugar as soda. For a moderate workout of less than an hour, plain water is probably all you need. For longer, more intense exercise, a sports drink may be appropriate. But check with your doctor first to see if the calories, carbs, and minerals in a particular sports drink are safe for you.
dried cranberries

Upswing: Dried Fruits

Fruit is a healthy choice, but be aware that dried fruit will pack more carbohydrates in a smaller serving size. Just 2 tablespoons of raisins, dried cranberries, or dried cherries have the carbs of a small piece of fruit. Three dates give you 15 grams of carbohydrates.
red pill surrounded by white pills

Upswing: Steroids and Water Pills

One large family of drugs -- the corticosteroids, such as prednisone -- can cause your blood sugar to rise, and may even trigger diabetes in some people. Steroids are given to treat rashes, arthritis, asthma, and other conditions. Diuretics used for high blood pressure, called water pills, can also raise blood sugar levels if you have diabetes. Some antidepressants may raise or lower blood sugar.
thermometer and red pills

Upswing: Cold Medicines

Decongestants that contain pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine can raise blood sugar. Cold medicines also sometimes contain sugar or alcohol. Although the sugar content is small, it is best to use products that are sugar-free and alcohol-free. Antihistamines don't cause a problem with blood sugar. Ask your pharmacist about the possible effects of over-the-counter products before you buy them.
spiral of birth control pills

Caution: Birth Control Pills

Birth control pills that contain estrogen can affect the way you respond to insulin. Still, women with diabetes can safely use oral contraceptives. The American Diabetes Association advises using a combination pill with norgestimate and a synthetic estrogen. The ADA also notes that birth control injections and implants are safe for women with diabetes, though they can affect your blood sugar levels.
man pushing lawnmower

Lower: Household Chores

Cleaning the house or mowing the lawn can have an added bonus for people with diabetes: lower blood sugar. Many of the chores you do around the house count as moderate physical activity, with plenty of health benefits. Make a point of walking around the grocery aisles or parking farther from the entrance to the store. Small amounts of exercise add up.
spoonful of yogurt

Lower: Yogurt

Foods that contain healthy bacteria, such as many types of yogurt, are called "probiotic." They can improve digestion and also may help you control your blood sugar. Some yogurts contain added sugar and fruit, so be careful to count the carbs. Your best choice is plain yogurt or light yogurt without added sugar.
vegetarian and vegan questionnaire

Lower: Vegan Diet

People with type 2 diabetes who switched to a vegan, or entirely vegetable-based diet, had better blood sugar control and needed less insulin, according to one study. A boost in fiber from eating whole grains and beans might play a role, by slowing down the digestion of carbs. More research is needed to confirm the value of a vegan diet for diabetes. Talk to your health care provider before making major changes to your diet.
cinnamon sticks

Promising: Cinnamon

Sprinkling your food with cinnamon can add flavor without adding salt, carbs, or calories. Some studies suggest it also can improve the body's ability to use insulin and may lower blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. More research is needed to confirm these promising studies, and supplements containing large doses can cause side effects. So it's best to talk with your health care provider before trying cinnamon.
diabetes test kit with bed in background

Caution: Sleep

Blood sugar can dip dangerously low during sleep for some people with type 1 diabetes. It's best to check your blood sugar level at bedtime and when you wake up. A snack before bed may help. For some people, blood sugar can rise in the morning -- even before eating -- due to changes in hormones or a drop in insulin levels. Regular testing is important. One option is a continuous blood glucose monitor, which can alert you to highs and lows.
woman exercising in gym

Rollercoaster: Exercise

Physical activity is a terrific health booster for everyone. But people with diabetes should tailor it to their individual needs. When you work out hard enough to sweat and raise your heartbeat, your blood sugar may spike up, then drop. Intense or endurance type exercise can make your blood sugar drop for at least 24 hours afterward. Eating a snack before you begin may help. Check your blood sugar before, during, and after you exercise.
cosmopolitan cocktails on bar

Rollercoaster: Alcohol

Alcoholic drinks contain plenty of carbs, so at first they will raise your blood sugar. But for as long as 12 hours after drinking, your blood sugar may drop. If you drink, it's best to do so with food, and check your blood sugar. The American Diabetes Association advises no more than one drink a day for a woman and two drinks for a man. One drink is 5 ounces of wine, 12 ounces of beer, or 1 ½ ounces of liquor such as vodka or whiskey.
sun rays over red clouds

Rollercoaster: Heat

During the next summer heat wave, you'll be safer inside, cooled by air conditioning, during the hottest time of day. Heat makes your blood sugar more difficult to control. You should test your blood sugar often and drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration. Be aware that your medications, glucose meter, and test strips can be affected by high heat. Don't leave them in a hot car.
woman with electric fan

Rollercoaster: Female Hormones

When a woman's hormones change, so do her blood sugar levels. Keep a monthly record of your blood sugar levels to get a better idea of how your menstrual cycle affects you. Hormone changes during menopause may make it even harder to control your blood sugar levels. Talk to your health care provider about the risks and benefits of hormone replacement therapy.
colorful cupcakes

Is Sugar Bad for You?

If you love sweets, don't despair. You don't have to give them up forever. Sugar will raise your blood sugar levels more quickly than other carbohydrates, but diabetes experts now say the total amount of carbohydrates is most important. Just be sure to keep your serving sizes small and take into account the total carbs and calories.
glycemic index of wheat and white bread

What About the Glycemic Index?

Your daily carb total, spread steadily across the day, is one key to good blood sugar control. Some people also monitor the glycemic index (GI) of foods, a rating of how individual foods raise blood sugar. Beans and whole grain breads and cereals have a lower GI than white bread or regular pasta. Juice has a higher GI than whole fruit. Want a high GI food? Eating it along with a lower GI food may help control your blood sugar.

Wednesday, February 25, 2015

Think yoga is gruelling? Here are five asanas perfect for restoration, relaxation and healing



 
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Begin by finding a comfortable seat and cross your legs, with your ankles crossed in front of you and knees resting slightly below the hips. You can place a pillow underneath to help elevate the hips and ease any discomfort. Taking a deep breath, with a long spine, open chest and relaxed shoulders, place both hands at your chest. Begin to think positive thoughts, and allow yourself to notice and revel in self-love and peace. Observe the effect that the feeling has on your heart and body.
Allow yourself to rest in this feeling of love, and notice how it feels to treat yourself the same way.Continue breathing deeply into your heart, and for about two-five minutes, begin pairing the breath with a positive affirmation -`My life is beautiful and I am grateful for all that I have' -you have in mind.
Allow your body to relax with every exhalation as you begin to absorb its meaning. Even if this affirmation feels mechanical at first, by repeatedly focusing the mind on it, you are retraining your subconscious while subtly alleviating the negative self-talk.





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Lie down on the ground (for support, you'll need one or two thick fold ed blanketsmats) and raise your legs high, touching the wall. Start by placing your support about six inches away from the wall. Sit sideways on right end of the sup port, with your right side against the wall. Exhale and, with one smooth movement, swing your legs up onto the wall and your shoulders and head down onto the floor. Bend your knees, press your feet into the wall and lift your pelvis off the support, tuck the support a little higher up under your pelvis, then lower your pelvis onto the support again. Lift and release the base of your skull away from the back of your neck and soften your throat. Release the heads of the thigh bones and the weight of your belly deeply into your torso, toward the back of the pelvis. Stay in this pose anywhere from five to 15 minutes. Instead, slide off the support onto the floor before turning to the side. This pose relieves tired or cramped legs and feet. Gently stretch the back legs, front torso, and the back of the neck. This pose is actually a supported variation of the shoulder stand (sarvangasana). This pose helps you calm the mind.
5 SHRAVASANA
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The corpse pose or shravasana is not only the easiest, but it is also the most important asana in the yoga sequence. When you are in a state of shravasana (body flat facing the sky, with palms facing upwards), you are in a zero state. Allow yourself to feel nothing and let thoughts pass. Aside of focussing on quieting the physical body in Shravasana, it's also essential to pacify the from sensory organs.
Soften the root of the tongue, the wings of the nose, the channels of the inner ears, and the skin of the forehead. Let the eyes sink to the back of the head, then turn them downward to gaze at the heart.
Remember, it is the total relaxation pose and doesn't require the body to put any additional physical effort. Breathe in and say to yourself (in your mind), “I fill myself with an abundance of self-love, acceptance and divine energy“. After a few moments of peace and positive affirmations, gently roll to the right and place your arms at the centre to form a namaste pose and thank the Universe for this blessed day.

દીકરી હેતની હેલી...

દીકરી હેતની હેલી...
દીકરી રાજાની હોય કે રંકની, એ ગરીબની હોય કે અમીરની, એ કાયમ પારિજાતના પુષ્પની જેમ સુગંધ ફેલાવતી રહી, પરમાત્માના તમારા પર આશીર્વાદ હોય તો જ દીકરી પ્રસાદરૂપે પરિવારમાં અવતરતી હોય છે. ગુજરાતી સાહિત્યમાં ‘દીકરી વહાલનો દરિયો’, ‘દીકરી એટલે દીકરી’ જેવાં સંપાદનો લોકપ્રિય બન્યાં હવે આ સંપાદનોમાં એક ત્રીજો ગ્રંથ ઉમેરાયો છે: ‘દીકરી હેતની હેલી’ એમાં અનુસૂચિત જાતિના પચાસ જેટલા પિતાને પોતાની દીકરીઓ પર હેતની હેલી વરસાવતા અનુભવી શકો. કળીએ કળીએ કરમાતા કાળજાની વેદના જેસંગ જાદવના લેખમાં અનુભવાય... ઉત્તરાયણનો અવસર... ધાબા પર ચારે બાજુ ઉત્સાહ, ઉમંગ અને ઉલ્લાસનો માહોલ... ત્યાં વીજળીનો તાર જેસંગ જાદવની દીકરી નાનકીને એવો તો આભડી ગયો કે એનો એક હાથ અને એક પગ કાપી નાખવો પડ્યો... પિતા જેસંગ જાદવે પોતાની લાડકી દીકરીના એ વજ્રઘાતને જાણે આંસુ અને લોહીમાં બોળીને શબ્દાંકન કર્યું છે. આંખ અને અંતર ભીંજવી દે એવી એ ઘટના જેસંગ જાદવના જ શબ્દોમાં:
14મી જાન્યુઆરીએ મેં પતંગ ઘણા ચગાવ્યા છે. પણ 14મી જાન્યુઆરી 2004ના 5.30 કલાક પછીની બધી પતંગો મને યમ જેવી દેખાય છે. નામ એનું તૃપ્તિ. નાની એટલે અમે નાનકીનું જ ઉદબોધન કરેલું. કપાયેલા પતંગની દોરી લેવા એણે વીજ તાર તરફ હાથ લંબાવ્યો ને સેકન્ડમાં એ વીજ રાક્ષસે અેનું કામ કરી બતાવ્યું.
‘નાનકીને વીજ કરંટ લાગ્યો છે. દવાખાને લઇ ગયા છે.’ ખલાસ, મારી નાનકી ન બચે! અગિયાર હજાર વોલ્ટની વીજલાઇન ન છોડે!
જમણા પગની ત્રણ આંગળીઓ કરંટ લાગેલ સ્થળે ધાબા પર જ દાઝીને ફાટી-નીકળી ગઇ હતી. જમણા હાથ અને પગના દાઝેલા માંસના લોચા મારી બધી સંવેદનાઓ પી ગયા. વી. એસ. હોસ્પિટલના બર્ન્સવોર્ડમાં ફરજ પરના એ ડોક્ટરને રડતાં-રડતાં મેં કહેલું, ‘સાહેબ, નાનકીના આ જમણા હાથની આંગળીઓ તો સીધી થઇ જશે ને? ને સાહેબ પગની ત્રણ આંગળીઓ તો ખરી ગઇ છે, પણ એ તો પ્લાસ્ટિક સર્જરી કરી નવી નાખી દેજો.’ હું ડોક્ટરને બે હાથ જોડી કરગરી રહ્યો હતો.
‘24મી જાન્યુઆરીએ એનું ઓપરેશન કરવાનું છે!’ ડોક્ટરે કહેલું, પણ કેવું ઓપરેશન? શું કરશે? ધીર ગંભીર મુદ્રામાં બેઠેલા ઇશ્વરીય અવતાર સમા લાગવણકર સાહેબ બોલેલા ‘સાંભળો, આંગળાં નહીં, પણ એનો હાથ કોણીથી કાપવો પડશે ને કદાચ પગ ઘૂંટીએથી. દસ દિવસ અમે હાથ-પગ બચાવવાની કોશિશમાં જ હતા પણ નસો બધી બ્લોક છે.’ સાંભળતાં જ મારું હૃદય રડી પડ્યું.
ઓપરેશન કરવાનું હોય એના આગળના દિવસે રાત્રે 12 વાગ્યા પછી ખોરાક પાણી બંધ કરવાની સૂચના નર્સ આપે...
પૂરા બાર કલાક ખાધા પીધા વિના પસાર થઇ ગયેલા. નાનકી સતત પાણી.. પાણી... પાણીનું રટણ કરે. તેની માગણી મને મૂંઝવી રહી હતી. પપ્પા...પપ્પા... પપ્પાના નામનું એનું રટણ! તરસે એના જીવને શું થતું હશે? પાણીની બોટલનું એકાદ ઢાંકણું હોઠ પલાળવા આપું, એવું મન થઇ આવે.
સાડાબાર વાગ્યા ત્યારે તો પાણીની તરસે એ બેચેન બની ગઇ ને કહેવા લાગી, ‘પપ્પા, થોડું પાણી...!’ હું તેની આશાને ઓગાળી પી ગયો. હું નહોતો આપી શક્યો પાણી! પાણીનો ધોધ તો મારી આંખોમાંથી ક્યારનોય વહેવો શરૂ થઇ ગયો હતો. ખારો ઝેર! હું અવળો ફરી ગયો. પણ ડૂસકું મારાથી ન રોકી શકાયું. ને એ ચાલાક છોકરી પામી ગઇ વાત? એની તરસ જાણે કે અલોપ! ‘પપ્પા, તમે રડશો નહીં, હવે હું પાણી નહીં માગું.’
ધાર્યા કરતાંય એનાં અંગો વધુ વહેરાયાં. વારંવાર લેખિત બાંયધરીની સહીઓ કરી આપી છે. કરવતો સજાવી આપી છે. તેનો જમણો હાથ ખભેથી અને જમણો પગ ઢીંચણ નીચેથી કપાયો. એ વખતે મારી સ્થિતિનું વર્ણન કરી શકું તેમ નથી.ખૂબ રડ્યો છું, કંપ્યો છું, કપાયો છું.
નાનકીના આ ઓપરેશન પછી ડોક્ટરે સૂચના આપેલી ‘કોઇ એની આગળ જઇ રડતા નહીં. તેના મનને આઘાત લાગશે તો તે મનથી ભાંગી પડશે.’ મારા પાંચ ભાઇઓનો પૂરો પરિવાર ત્યાં હાજર! પણ પપ્પા? પપ્પા... પપ્પાના નામથી એની બૂમ બર્ન્સ વોર્ડના કાચના દરવાજાવાળા બંધ રૂમની સોંસરવી, લોબીમાં બેઠેલ તેના પપ્પાના હૃદયને ચીરતી વીંધાઇ જતી હતી. હું તેની સામે ઊભો રહી શકવા સમર્થ ન હતો ને એને મારા વિના એક મિનિટ પણ ન ચાલે. કેલૈયાનું માથું ખાંડણિયામાં ખાંડવા... સાંબેલું પકડવાનું આવ્યું. ને ચંગાવતી...! હાલરડાંય ગાતા આવડતું ન હતું! શૂન્ય, બધી સંવેદનાઓ મરી પરવારી હતી એની.
હું પલંગમાં એના માથા બાજુ ટેબલ રાખી બેઠો. પછી એના મોં સામે જોઇ એને સારું લાગે એટલે મહાપ્રયત્ને દંભથી હસ્યો ને મને હસતો જોઇ એટલા દુ:ખ વચ્ચે એ હસી. ને જે બીક હતી એ જ ‘પપ્પા, જુઓ મારો હાથ ડોક્ટરે કાપી નાખ્યો અને પગ પણ!’ એટલું સાહજિકતાથી એ બોલી કે જાણે બોબ્ડ કટ વાળ કપાવીને આવી હોય! હું આજેય વિચારું છું ભગવાને આને શાની ઘડી છે?
અને જેસંગ જાદવની આકાંક્ષા સુંદરજી બેટાઇની પંક્તિમાં પડઘાય છે:
અમ ક્યારાની એ ફૂલવેલી,
અમોલી એ પાંગરજો,
અમ હૈયાની આ રસહેલી,
તમારા ઉર રેલવજો.

Tuesday, February 24, 2015

Turmeric Eases Neck Pain

Q. Turmeric is excellent for nerve damage. I had a pinched nerve in my neck. I went to the E.R. but the doctors told me they have no painkiller for nerves. Instead they gave me a high-powered pain pill.
Those pain pills almost killed me: I had a reaction to them that set the nerve on fire. The pain was so great I cried all the time. I couldn't sleep for more than a few minutes here and there for 14 days. Once I stopped the pain pills, the pain eased up somewhat.
I called the health food store and asked if there was any thing to help the pain in my neck. Turmeric was recommended, so I got a bottle and with the very first pill I could feel the pain going away.
The turmeric I take is in a combination formula. I use Solaray Turmeric Special Formula. It combines turmeric with bromelain and boswellia and I have gotten good relief from it 5 years.
A. Bromelain, boswellia and turmeric are all traditional Indian Ayurvedic botanical medicines with strong anti-inflammatory activity. Bromelain is an enzyme derived from pineapple. Boswellia comes from a tree resin similar to frankincense. Turmeric is the yellow spice in curry powder and yellow mustard.
We have heard from other readers that this combination is especially helpful for nerve pain. Their stories and more information about the herbs can be found online at: www.peoplespharmacy.com.

Castor Oil Helped Prevent Knee Surgery

Q. Castor Oil is a life-saver for joints, especially knees.
A few years ago, my husband hurt/twisted his knee while getting in and out of a huge truck. The pain only increased as time went by, so we went to urgent care. After x-rays, etc., my husband was told that it really required surgery to repair and fix his knee, which was NOT in our budget at the time. What to do?
We had already heard about using castor oil on joints from a couple of doctors (M.D.) with knowledge in natural remedies, also.
According to instructions, I massaged castor oil into his whole knee area; then I wrapped the whole area with an old cloth (that I would continue to keep stored/sealed in a zippy-bag, for re-use) and with saran-type-wrap, because castor oil is both oily and staining–it will not wash out. After that, we put a heating pad on the area (SET ON LOW heat) for an hour. We kept the wrappings on his knee over night.
I had to beg my husband to let me apply the castor oil and wrappings on the first night. The second night, he reminded me to fix up his knee again. Night number three, he did it himself, on his own. He woke up the next morning, with his knee feeling great.
If/when he or I ever hurt any joint, both of us know to rub with the castor oil, wrap with a cloth, cover for a while, and get relief. Heat does not have to be applied, but it helps.
There is nothing like castor oil for knees and joints. It’s messy, but who cares, if it helps prevent or STOP the need for surgery and if it stops pain?
PS. A few years ago a non-oily version of castor oil came out on the market: Castiva. We always kept a tube or two around the house; we can not find it now, though. Any idea where we can find Castiva?
A. Castiva Arthritis Pain Relief is still available. You can find it online or in independent pharmacies. Castiva contains a castor oil base and comes in both a warming formula (capsaicin) or a cooling formula (menthol and methyl salicylate). Capsaicin (the hot stuff in hot chili peppers) has long been used to ease joint pain. Combined with castor oil we think this is a winning formulation.
Here are some other castor oil stories:
“Whenever my children hurt themselves, the first thing I reached for was the castor oil. My mother-in-law’s uncle was a boxer and castor oil was what they used after a boxing match to prevent hematomas and bruising. It works like a charm. It has been passed down as a remedy in my family for many years.”
LCF

“I rub castor oil on my aches and pains, and it helps a lot. Some people make castor oil packs. I used them when the doctors said I had liver cancer. We don’t know what happened to the liver cancer! It is gone. I use castor oil every chance I get. I hope it works for others! Take care!!”
DG

“Used castor oil in Lacrosse for years. Put on castor oil and wrapped it with plastic wrap, bruise would at times be gone the next day. Frustrated a lot of players because they would swear that they hit you… :-) ”
Tom D.

“Castor Oil DEFINITELY WORKS!!! I am a huge bruiser, esp. since I am borderline anemic and whenever I bruise and I apply castor oil right away directly to bruise and rub it in a bit, it significantly minimizes the bruise right away and/or decreases the severity or # of days it shows! I love it!”
MM

“I had warts on my hands when I was younger. Tried the burning/freezing remedies and nothing worked as well as my mother’s remedy of applying castor oil to the wart and covering with a band aid. This got rid of the warts completely. I forget how long it took or how often I had to reapply, but they never came back.”
VM

“Castor oil completely eliminated a wart that I had tried to eliminate for over twenty years. It did not even leave a scar! I applied the oil on the wart after showering and at bedtime and covered it with a bandage. I kept at it until it was gone, maybe two months.”
Anne

Wednesday, February 18, 2015

Different Parts of Our Body Age At Different Times

We all accept that getting older is inevitable. A leading clinicians have revealed the exact age when different body parts start to decline, most alarming being the brain and lungs.
 
French doctors have found that the quality of men's sperm starts to deteriorate by 35, so that by the time a man is 45 a third of pregnancies end in miscarriage. Here, with the help of leading clinicians, Angela Epstein tells the Daily Mail the ages when different parts of the body start to lose their battle with time.

 
BRAIN - Starts aging at 20
As we get older, the number of nerve cells - or neurons - in the brain decrease. We start with around 100 billion, but in our 20s this number starts to decline. By 40, we could be losing up to 10,000 per day, affecting memory, co-ordination and brain function.

GUT - Starts aging at 55. 
A healthy gut has a good balance between harmful and 'friendly' bacteria. But levels of friendly bacteria in the gut drop significantly after 55, particularly in the large intestine, says Tom MacDonald, professor of immunology at Barts And The London medical school. As a result, we suffer from poor digestion and an increased risk of gut disease. Constipation is more likely as we age, as the flow of digestive juices from the stomach, liver, pancreas and small intestine slows down.
 
BREASTS - Start aging at 35
BY their mid-30s, woman's breasts start losing tissue and fat, reducing size and fullness. Sagging starts properly at 40 and the aureole (the area surrounding the nipple) can shrink considerably.

BLADDER - Starts aging at 65
Loss of bladder control is more likely when you hit 65. Women are more vulnerable to bladder problems as, after the menopause, declining estrogen levels make tissues in the urethra - the tube through which urine passes - thinner and weaker, reducing bladder support. Bladder capacity in an older adult generally is about half that of a younger person - about two cups in a 30-year-old and one cup in a 70-year-old. ...
 
LUNGS - Start aging at 20
Lung capacity slowly starts to decrease from the age of 20. By the age of 40, some people are already experiencing breathlessness. This is partly because the muscles and the rib cage which control breathing stiffen up.

VOICE - Starts aging at 65
Our voices become quieter and hoarser with age. The soft tissues in the voice box (larynx) weaken, affecting the pitch, loudness and quality of the voice. A woman's voice may become huskier and lower in pitch, whereas a man's might become thinner and higher.
 
EYES - Start aging at 40
Glasses are the norm for many over-40s as failing eyesight kicks in - usually long-sightedness, affecting our ability to see objects up close.
 
HEART - Starts aging at 40
The heart pumps blood less effectively around the body as we get older. This is because blood vessels become less elastic, while arteries can harden or become blocked because of fatty deposits forming on the coronary arteries - caused by eating too much saturated fat. The blood supply to the heart is then reduced, resulting in painful angina. Men over 45 and women over 55 are at greater risk of a heart attack.
 
LIVER Starts aging at 70
This is the only organ in the body which seems to defy the aging process.
 
KIDNEYS - Starts aging at 50
With kidneys, the number of filtering units (nephrons) that remove waste from the bloodstream starts to reduce in middle age.
 
PROSTATE - Starts aging at 50
The prostate often becomes enlarged with age, leading to problems such as increased need to urinate, says Professor Roger Kirby, director of the Prostate Centre in London . This is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia and affects half of men over 50, but rarely those under 40. It occurs when the prostate absorbs large amounts of the male sex hormone testosterone, which increases the growth of cells in the prostate. A normal prostate is the size of a walnut, but the condition can increase this to the size of a tangerine.

BONES - Start aging at 35
'Throughout our life, old bone is broken down by cells called osteoclasts and replaced by bone-building cells called osteoblasts - a process called bone turnover,' explains Robert Moots, professor of rheumatology at Aintree University Hospital in Liverpool . Children's bone growth is rapid - the skeleton takes just two years to renew itself completely. In adults, this can take ten years. Until our mid-20s, bone density is still increasing. But at 35 bone loss begins as part of the natural aging process.
 
TEETH Start aging at 40
As we age, we produce less saliva, which washes away bacteria, so teeth and gums are more vulnerable to decay. Receding gums - when tissue is lost from gums around the teeth - is common in adults over 40.

MUSCLES - Start aging at 30
Muscle is constantly being built up and broken down, a process which is well balanced in young adults. However, by the time we're 30, breakdown is greater than buildup, explains Professor Robert Moots. Once adults reach 40, they start to lose between 0.5 and 2 per cent of their muscle each year. Regular exercise can help prevent  this.
 
HEARING - Starts aging mid-50s
More than half of people over 60 lose hearing because of their age, according to the Royal National Institute for the Deaf.
 
SKIN - Starts aging mid-20s
The skin starts to age naturally in your mid-20s.
 
TASTE AND SMELL - Start aging at 60
We start out in life with about 10,000 taste buds scattered on the tongue. This number can halve later in life. After we turn 60, taste and smell gradually decline, partly as a result of the normal ageing process.
 
FERTILITY - Starts aging at 35
Female fertility begins to decline after 35, as the number and quality of eggs in the ovaries start to fall. The lining of the womb may become thinner, making it less likely for a fertilized egg to take, and also creating an environment hostile to sperm.

HAIR Starts aging at 30
Male hair loss usually begins in the 30s. Hair is made in tiny pouches just under the skin's surface, known as follices. A hair normally grows from each follicle for about three years, is then shed, and a new hair grows.  Most people will have some grey hair by the age of 35. When we are young, our hair is coloured by the pigments produced by cells in the hair follicle known as melanocytes.