Sunday, June 28, 2015

10 Warning Flags Showing Up On Your Skin

10 Warning Flags Showing Up On Your Skin

The largest organ in the human body (or around it, as would be the case), the skin protects us from bacteria, keeps our body temperature stable, and picks up endless information through contact, pain, heat and cold receptors. It is also connected to your entire body, and as such may be the first to indicate an internal problem. Sending you a red flag that something more serious is wrong.

Diabetes, for example, is a hard disease to detect early, but in its earlier stages it may affect the skin, so in some cases it may be the first indication that the person is becoming a diabetic.

So be aware of these symptoms that appear on the skin, on yours and your loved ones. Here are 10 dermatological issues that are worth looking out for: 
Red flag #1:Yellowish skin, orange color on palms and soles

This change may look cartoonish but it's no laughing matter. The skin hues of carotenemia arde the result of an underactive thyroid gland (otherwise known as hypothyroidism), which results in increased amounts of beta-carotene in the blood. Beta-Carotene is an antioxidant found in fruits and vegetables, and is normally processed by the thyroid. If you have a thyroid problem, then the vitamins aren't metabolized as fast, and so the beta-carotene accumulates. A diet rich in carrots or carrot juice, sweet potatoes and squash can result in the technicolor skin we mentioned.

Additional signs: Your skin will become dry and cold. Sometimes it will seem more pale than yellowish. You may start feeling tired or weak, or experience aches throughout the body. Along with a sudden weight gain, these are the main symptoms to look out for. Women over 50 are especially at risk.

Treatment: Carotenemia is caused by bad nutrition and can be solved when a wider variety of food is consumed. However, an underactive thyroid gland is a much more serious medical condition that may lead to complications, and so we advise seeking a consultation with a physician.

Red flag #2: Breaking Out in Hives When Exposed to the Sun

Don't worry, you've probably not become allergic to the sun, which is quite a rare condition. The most likely explanation of getting a rash like the hives or eczema after being exposed to the sun is that you probably took a photosensitizing drug beforehand. There is a chemical in certain medications that increases our sensitivity to light.

Additional signs: The rash will be limited to the sun exposed areas of your skin - forearms, neck and although less common - the face. It can feel worse and last longer than a regular sunburn. By the way, this applies to all skin colors, having a darker skin won't protect you from this reaction to the medication. 

One the most common drugs to do this is thiazide diuretics like Hydrodiuril or Dyazide, which are given as treatment for hypertension. Other drugs may include antihistamines, tetracycline, tretinoin (anti-aging) and certain antidepressants (tricyclic). Some people don't react to the drug this way, while others do get the rash.

Treatment: First off, check the labels on your medication. You'll be looking for sentences such as "May cause chemical photosensitivity." Second, use a high SPF sunblock, but it's not 100% assured to stop the rash. The best course of action is to cover yourself up and limit sun exposure. You can consult your doctor about switching to a medication that doesn't include this particular side-effect. 
Red Flag #3: Red lines on your palm
A dark coloring of the pigments in the creases of the palms or soles is a symptom of an endocrine disorder also known as Addison's disease, as it was discovered by the physician Thomas Addison. Its famous victim is President John F. Kennedy.

Additional signs: Hyperpigmentation may also be visible around other parts of the skin, such as skin folds, lips, scars and certain pressure points in the knees and knuckles. Another sign is low blood pressure, which can fall further when the person stands. It is most commonly found among people between the ages of 30 and 50, men and women equally.

Treatment: Skin changes such as these may be a warning sign before a serious attack, that may come as pain, vomiting, dehydration and loss of consciousness). If you notice these symptoms mention them immediately to a doctor. A lab test to measure your cortisol (produced by the adrenal gland) will provide a diagnosis of your condition. 

Red Flag #4: Blue Leg Veins
If you find your veins are suddenly these ropy, bluish-purplish lines snaking down your legs, then it may be a signs that some of them are no longer working properly. Venous disease, better known as varicose veins, can mean a mild cosmetic defect or it can mean pain, cramping and having trouble walking. Veins, not unlike one-way shutters, use valves to transfer blood and keep it circulating. If they get to a point when they don't work anymore, the blood can leak into the vein and pool there.
Additional Signs: Varicose veins may be mistaken for another vein disease, known as spider veins, which creates a web-like pattern of smaller blue or red veins. You'll notice the difference because varicose veins are larger, darker in color and are sometimes raised. They will at times look twisted (the latin word varix means "twisted"). It's a very common condition. In fact, half the population of people over 50 suffer from some form of varicose veins. Women are especially affected, and the first signs of them may first appear during pregnancy. 
Treatment: The best treatment you can start yourself is exercising, wearing special compression stockings, and avoiding certain postures that constrict your veins, such as crossing your legs when sitting. However, these will only deal with the discomfort of varicose veins, and will not make them go away. Not all varicose veins cause health issues, but if your veins cause you any pain or become warm or tender to the touch - tell your doctor immediately. 
Veins that are deeply damaged can cause dangerous blood clots that may endanger you. Medical treamtent options include surgery and sclerotherapy, which is injecting a special solution into the vein to shut it down. 
Red Flag #5:  Brown Spots on Your Legs
We tend to bang the front of our legs along the shins as we walk, without even noticing half the time. However, if someone is suffering from diabetes, the disease damages these bangs cause the capillaries and small blood vessels. When these receive physical damage they may leak, leading to the brown spots also known as diabetic demopathy. 

Additional signs: Feel the brown patches. They may be rough to the touch, almost scaly, and are usually seen in circle or oval shapes. They shouldn't hurt.
While we're at it, another skin change that may indicate a person is a diabetic is an unhealed sore on the foot. Diabetics slowly lose the feeling of heat, cold, touch and pain in their feet, so they may not notice blisters or sores that may have become infected.

Treatment: There's If the person showing the signs is a known diabetic, then these brown spots are nothing to worry about and do not lead to anything. However, if the person has not been diagnosed as a diabetic then other symptoms should be checked, such as excessive urination, thirst, blurry vision, weight loss etc.

Red Flag #6:  A Burning, Itchy Rash You Can't Get Rid Of
If you have small clusters of itchy blisters that seem to show up on your forearms near the elbows, or your knees, buttocks, back, face or scalp, you may suffer from dermatitis herpetiformis, which are a sign of celiac disease, or an allergy to gluten. About 1 in 4 patients with celiac disease display these blisters.
Additional signs: The blisters will appear on both sides of your body, and the itching and burning sensation will be very internse, to the point where you can't stop scratching it. rash appears on both sides of the body. Itching and burning are so intense you can hardly quit scratching.
These blisters are most common on those between the ages of 30 and 40, and most commonly in people of northern European decent. 

Treatment: Report the blisters to your doctor or a dermatologist to take a blood test and a biopsy of the small intestine, which allows to detect dermatitis herpetiformis. Usually, a gluten-free diet for the rest of your life is what it takes to avoid further symptoms. The blisters may be treated with certain medication. 
Red Flag #7:  Purple Splotches on Your Skin 
If you have a bruise that doesn't seem to go away, there may be blood vessels leaking under your skin. This may be caused by several  things, from a bleeding disorder to scurvy (a vitamin C deficiency). However, in those over the age of 65, who see this symptom often, it usually means the skin has been made thin and fragile by years of expsore to sun damaged and weak blood vessels. The condition is named, unfortunately, senile purpura (from Latin, meaning "Purple").
It's important to note that excessive use of aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories, vitamin E and a number of other medications older adult may take to boost their memories, can actually worsen the problem. Blood thinners such as alcohol or steroids can have the same effect.

Additional signs:
A classic bruise tends to turn black and blue following an injury. With purpura, in contrast, there doesn't need to be any trauma; the discoloration starts as red and turns purple, persisting longer than a bruise before fading or remaining brownish. The purple skin doesn't blanch (fade or lose color) when you press it. Purpura can cover large patches of skin or show up as small purple speckles called petechiae. No matter what the size, the purple areas are most common on the forearms, legs, and backs of the hands.

Treatment: Extensive or persistent bruises should always be evaluated by a doctor, as should someone who seems to bruise easily. It's important to rule out underlying causes such as a bleeding disorder.

Red Flag #8:   Itchiness Without Rash 
Feeling itchy is a common occurence, even without mosquito bites. But when it is persistent and there is no change on the skin (no bites, no rash), it may be pruritis, which is one of the earlier signs of lymphoma, a type of cancer in the lymph system. As the two types of lymphoma are Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, the itchiness is known as the "Hodkin itch").

Additional signs: 
The level of itchiness should be more intense than that caused by dry skin. It is most commonly felt in the lower legs. More rarely, the skin may look reddish and inflamed. 
Another early symptom of lymphoma is the swelling of the lymph nodes in the armpit, collarbone, neck or groin. However, there are other reasons lymph nodes may be swolen, like an infection.
Treatment: Report If the intchiness will not go away, go consult with your doctor and get tested to rule out possible conditions.

Red Flag #9: Very Pale Skin and Blue-Tinged Nails 
Severe anemia may be indicated by the skin turning paler than usual on the face and on the palms. Anemia can be caused by a lack of iron in the blood, an ulcer, a bowel diseases, among other causes. Iron-deficiency is not uncommon among adults over the age of 70, who may no longer prepare nutritious meals for themselves or have stopped due to other medical issue.

Additional signs: Regular paleness only affects the skin, but anemia also affects the red tissues in our mouths, lips and gums. These may turn a paler version of their usual color. Other symptoms that come with anemia are tiring easily, getting headaches, suffering dizziness and shortness of breath. 
Treatment: Today it is quite easy to get over-the-counter iron supplements. Most cases of anemia can be treated with the introduction of iron into the bloodstream. Other than supplements, it's advised to eat iron-rich foods (such as egg yolks, dried fruit, red meat, leafy green vegetables. among others) combined with vitamin  C, which helps the iron to get absorbed. You may want to consult a nutritionist or doctor to decide on a proper diet for your iron deficiency.
Red Flag #10: Tingling and Rash
There is a painful condition known as the herpes zoster, but better known as shingles. It is transmitted by the same virus that gives people chicken pox. People who have had chicken pox usually overcome it, and the virus retreats to our sensory nerves. It usually doesn't appear again, but certain conditions, such as stress, infection, certain drugs or a problematic immune system may cause the virus to reactivate years and decades later.

Additional signs: The rash is often preceded by a burning sensation on the skin and sensitivity to the touch. Sometimes appearing days or weeks beforehand. Some experience it as mild pain. The rash will look like little red bumps, not unlike chicken pox itself, raised from the skin and appearing on the legs, face and neck (sometimes the trunk). It will only appear on one side, left or right. It will stay for a few days, then turn into pustules filled with fluid, which, if not touched, will crust over about a week to 10 days later.
As soonas you feel this pain, you should go see a doctor. The first 72 hours allows for an antiviral medication that can significantly reduce the severity of shingles and lower your risk of developing a further complication called postherpetic neuralgia. This condition may cause the terrible pain of shingles to continue for weeks, months, or even years. This can happen to any age group, but is more common in people over 70. 

Another good idea is to ask your regular doctor about the shingles vaccine, which is recommended for all adults over the age of 60.

15 Habits that Damage Our Healthy Kidneys

15 Habits that Damage Our Healthy Kidneys

It's hard to notice when we do our kidneys damage. Even if 80% damaged, kidneys can still do their job, and so we rarely realize they're on their last leg. Often, even common daily habits can cause your kidneys continual damage, and when you finally discover something's wrong, it's too late. 

Our kidneys are incredible organs that work very hard. By themselves, they absorb minerals and nutrients, produce hormones, act as a filter for toxins in our blood, produce our urine and maintain a normal acid to alkaline ratio. We cannot live without our kidneys functioning properly. The Chinese, for example, have looked at the kidneys as a site of essential life force for centuries.
If you're serious about looking after yourself, then taking care of your kidneys should be one of your primary concerns. If you want to make sure your kidneys thrive and continue to serve you in the coming years ahead, here's a helpful list of habits you should definitely avoid:

1. Drinking Sodas
A study conducted on employees working at Osaka University in Japan found that drinking 2 or more soda drinks a day (either diet or regular) may well be connected with a higher risk of kidney disease. The study included 12,000 people, and those who drank larger quantities of soda were found to have protein in their urine, which is one of the first signs of kidney damage. However, early detection can reverse the disease with proper treatment.

2. A Deficiency in Vitamin B6
The healthy function of our kidneys also depends on a healthy diet, especially one that contains certain nutrients. According to a study performed at the University of Maryland, a vitamin B6 deficiency increases the risk of the formation of kidney stones. For healthy kidney function, a person should have at least 1.3 milligrams of vitamin B6 in their food every day. The best sources for this vitamin are fish, beef liver, potatoes, starchy vegetables, chickpeas and non-citrus fruits. 
3. Smoking
Perhaps not surprisingly, smoking has been linked to arthrosclerosis - the narrowing and hardening of blood vessels - which influences the blood supply going to all the major organs, including the kidneys. According to a study published in Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, just 2 cigarettes a day are enough to double the number of endothelial cells (the cells that line our blood vessel walls) present in your bloodstream. This is a sign of arterial damage. 

In addition, the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology references a number of different studies conducted in the last decade that link smoking to decreased kidney function. 

4. Lack of Exercise
Another good way of protecting your kidneys is to get some exercise. A comprehensive study published in 2013 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology found that postmenopausal women who exercised had 31% (!) less risk of developing kidney stones.

5. Magnesium Deficiency
Magnesium is what helps our body to properly absorb and assimilate calcium. If we don't get enough magnesium, we get overloaded in calcium and, once again, develop kidney stones. To prevent this from happening, add some leafy vegetables, seeds, nuts or beans to your diet. Another good source of magnesium is fresh avocados.

6. Disrupted Sleep
I just love a good night's sleep and, as it turns out, so do my kidneys. According to Science Daily, a chronic disruption in our sleep can cause kidney disease. According to Dr. Michael Sole, Cardiologist and Professor of Medicine and Physiology at the University of Toronto, kidney tissues get renewed during the night while we're sleeping, so when we can't sleep without constant interruptions, the kidneys suffer direct damage.
7. Not Drinking Enough Water
One of the most important things for our kidneys is for them to get hydrated enough to perform their functions. If we don't get enough water in our system, toxins start accumulating in our blood because there isn't enough fluid to take them through the kidneys. The National Kidney Foundation recommends drinking at least 10-12 glasses of water every day. An easy way to check if you're drinking enough is to make sure your urine is a light color or clear. If it's dark, you're not drinking enough. You can check the color of your urine with this helpful guide.

8. Not Emptying Your Bladder Fast Enough
When you hear the call to pee, you should listen to it. Obviously we're not always at a place where we can pee right away, but if you 'hold it in' on a regular basis, it will increase the pressure of urine on your kidneys, which can lead to renal failure or incontinence. 

9. Having Too Much Sodium in Our Diet
Salt is an important nutrient, but a disaster when taken in excessive amounts. Over-consumption of sodium will raise your blood pressure and put a lot of strain on your kidneys. We recommend limiting yourselves to no more than 5.8 grams (0.2 ounces) of salt per day. So put down that salt shaker!

10. Consuming Too Much Caffeine
We usually drink more caffeine than we think we do. There's coffee, tea, soft drinks and sodas - before you know it, your body is full of caffeine every day, which causes your blood pressure to shoot through the roof and your kidneys to suffer damage.

11. Abusing Pain-Killers
Many of us have a daily routine of taking medications. When we suffer from pain, our first reaction is usually to swallow a pill. They do help the pain, but you should think twice before taking too many. All pharmaceutical drugs have side effects, and many of them cause kidney or liver damage.Check out some natural painkillers you can find or make at home. That said, some drugs SHOULD be taken, which brings us to my next point...

12. Not Taking Certain Drugs You Need to
If you suffer from high blood pressure and/or type 2 diabetes, two very common conditions these days, you will probably also suffer kidney damage. Don't leave these conditions untreated and take your daily meds to reduce your blood pressure and control your insulin levels. Without them, you're almost guaranteed to suffer kidney damage.

13. Consuming Too Much Protein
According to a study conducted at Harvard University, an overdose of protein in our diet can cause our kidneys damage. When we digest protein, our body produces a byproduct - ammonia. Ammonia is a toxin that your already-hardworking kidneys need to neutralize. This means that the more protein we consume, the harder we work our kidneys, which can eventually lead to kidney failure.

14. Not Treating Common Infections
We all get lazy sometimes and ignore a simple cold or a flu, which can push our body to the brink of exhaustion. Studies have shown, however, that people who do not rest or treat their infections often end up with kidney disease.

15. Consuming Too Much Alcohol
Now this is a no brainer. The toxins in alcohol not only damage the liver, like many believe, but they are also something your kidneys simply hate to deal with. According to Kidney Health Australia and the American Kidney Fund, one good way of avoiding kidney failure is drinking alcohol in moderation.

Friday, June 19, 2015

Know your India

Interesting !


The first Indian railroad was constructed by two Indians (Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoyand Jaganath Shunkerseth) and not the British
Hitler wanted this Indian Athlete to Accept German Citizenship and Play for Germany

Dhyanchand was aIndian field hockey player, who is widely considered as the greatestfield hockey player of all time. He is most remembered for his extraordinary goal-scoring feats, in addition to earning three Olympic gold medals (19281932, and 1936) in field hockey, during an era where India was the most dominant team in Hockey. Known as “The Wizard” for his superb ball control, Dhyanchand played his final international match in 1948, having scored more than 400 goals during his international career.

India’s 25 richest people have a combined net worth of $174.8 billion, which is about as much as Ukraine’s GDP1

The Biggest Air Evacuation in the History of Mankind Was Done by India

In 1990 Iraq invaded Kuwait  home to almost 1,76,000 Indians, all of who had suddenly lost all their money, were homeless and scared for their lives. Back home in India, it was politically one of the most fragile times.  India was in financial trouble and the VP Singh government was lacking support with the opposition trying to bring the government down. But leaving all problems aside, the Indian govt. decided to rescue its citizens.

Half the world’s outsourced IT services come from India, amounting to a $47 billion dollar industry

Lifeline Express is the world’s first hospital-train!

Established in 1991, the train has traveled the length and breadth of the country, bringing medical aid and relief to the most far-flung and inaccessible areas.

India’s tech capital, Bangalore, has  increased its office supply by six times since 2006, and now has more  Grade-A offices than Singapore

India has been the largest troop contributor to the United Nations Peacekeeping Missions since it’s inception and every year remains in the top 4

India Has Spent  $50 Billion of Arms and Defense Purchases in the Last Decade

Making it the second largest importer in the world!

India has an Airforce base in Tajikistan. Farkhor Air Base is India’s one and only military base outside its territory

The Baily Bridge is the highest bridge in the world. It is  located in the Ladakh valley  between the Dras and Suru rivers in the  Himalayan mountains. It was  built by the Indian Army in August 1982

A bigger movie market than America and Canada combined, India sold 3.2 billion tickets last year

Sanskrit is the Most Suitable Language for Computer Software

Agni III is the Most Accurate Missile in the World in its Range Category and BrahMos is the Fastest Operational Cruise Missile in the World

Bodhidharma, a prince of the Pallava dynasty went to China and began the physical training of the Shaolin monks that led to the creation of Kung Fu!

Govt hiked the payment for the hangman from Rs. 10 to 5,000 just days before the Kasab hanging

In 2001, Indian pharma company Cipla produced a three-in-one drug for HIV, which is affordable at an incredible $ 1 a day.

This Indian State Has  the Most Honest People In the World

‘Nghah lou dawr’ – mainly shops along the highway in Mizoram where groceries and flowers collected by the shopkeepers from nearby forests are kept on display with the rates and a money box. The astonishing thing being that there is no shopkeeper around the shop. If you want to buy some vegetables, it’s as simple as weighing it and paying the amount according to the rate, and that’s it. Pick up the balance from the money box and continue with your daily routine.

The Free Kitchen (Langar) at the Golden Temple Feeds up to 100,000 People a Day

An Indian man named Jadav Payeng started planting trees on a barren sandbar at 17. He is now 47 and lives in his own 1360 acre forest which now houses rhinos, tigers, deer, apes and elephants.

The World’s Only Bank With No Locks

In January 2011, the United Commercial (UCO) Bank opened a ‘lockless’ branch in the village of Shani Shingnapur, the first of its kind in the country, taking note of the near-zero crime rate in this village. The doors of every villagers home is kept open at all times as are teh bank door- no locks anywhere. The villagers believe that the ancient local Shani tenple is “jagrut” /”alive” and Lord Shani will severely punish offenders.  There have been only 3 thefts documented.

Lonar Lake, a saltwater lake in Maharashtra, was created by a meteor hitting the Earth and is one of its kind in India.

India has 3 biodiversity hotspots, no other country,  or even continent except Brazil and Indonesia have more than 2
India has three antarctic stations, Dakshin Gangotri, Maitri and Bharathi. The first station Dakshin Gangotri was buried in ice and abandoned in 1990–91

The number of cellphone subscribers In India Increased By 16,240% between 2001-2011.

You Can Buy a Dinosaur Egg for $10 in these Indian States.

In some areas of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh eggs of giant reptiles are found and even illegally sold at 10$.Fossilized skeletons with length around 18-20m and 10-13 tonnes have been found in Maharashtra.They are also believed to be found in Gujarat, Rajasthan and ..M.P.Some may have a misconception that huge dinosaurs never roamed India but Bruhathkayosaurus, according to some, was the largest dinosaur that ever lived. Its remains were found near Trichy, in Tamil Nadu. Its name is derived from bruhath, meaning huge in Sanskrit, and kay, meaning body.

India has Classified Dolphins as “Non-Human Persons”

This status was given to the animals due to their near human intelligence and the government has ordered their release from captivity.

India has over 275 billion tons of coal reserves, that’s the equivalent of 1.37 billion blue whales

English Actor Sir Ben Kingsley’s Birth name is Krishna Pandit Bhanji and he is of Indian (Gujarati) descent

About 25% of India’s land is turning into desert – that’s the equivalent of three United Kingdoms.

Indian Post Allows you to Order Personalized Stamps with your Picture on Them

Tirupati Balaji temple built in the 10th century, is the world’s largest religious pilgrimage destination.

Larger than either Rome or Mecca, an average of 30,000 visitors donate $6 million (US) to the temple everyday.

India is home to 3,00,000 mosques which is more than any country in the world.

India has the World’s lowest number of Prisoners as a percentage to the total population

Kunal Nayyar (Rajesh Koothrappalli from Big Bang Theory) is married to a former Miss India, Neha Kapur

Each Year 2,500 Crores Worth of Hair is Bought and Sold in India

A City Name “Jhumri Telaiya” Actually Exists in Jharkhand

A Chinese pop star named Sa Dingding sings in Sanskrit

According to a study conducted in 2011, India’s Parle-G biscuits were the world’s No. 1 selling biscuits in terms of tonnage.

People expected fat free milk will become a hit with Indians as a “healthy” alternative.  Indians trashed the notion.

There were no plastic bags in India before 1985

India consumes about half of the world’s whiskey.